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What is a Dental Drill? How Have They Been Used and Their Types?

You might have heard about the importance of dental drills. But have you ever wondered how implant drills were formed? Or what is the history behind the formation of dental drills?

Well, dental drills are one of the top inventions of humans. Dentists use it to cure many dental issues and dental surgeries.

We have combined the importance, uses history, and formation of dental drills in this writeup. Let’s dive in!

What Are Dental Drills?

Tooth decay and cavities are major causes of a dental implant. It occurs when your jaws’ bacteria mix with anything sweet and create acids to break down tooth enamel.

Most dental surgeons use a power drill (dental drill) for removing cavities, cleaning plaque, or bore it with the help of tooth enamel. It is one of the best implant drills formed by a handpiece, tungsten, and an air turbine. Furthermore, the development of dental drill was started in the mid-1700s; however, it got modified later on.

Well, the new age implant drills allow surgeons to perform tasks accurately and more efficiently than ever. Furthermore, it prevents pain in the jaw while treating a patient.

The Formation Of Dental Drills

One thousand years ago, Mayans formed dental drills. The earlier dental drill was made by a stone tool created by jade, and it was sharpened on end and shaped like a long tube.

The hole is drilled in the teeth when the drill twirls between the palms. In ancient times, people used the tool in conjunction with a traditional ritual like putting jewels into teeth. Well, people were not aware of this technology at an early age. Moreover, the early Roman, Jewish, and Greek civilizations created many dental drill versions.

In the 1600s mid-term, doctors found that patients could get temporary relief from dental problems by filling the teeth holes with different substances.

Pierre Fauchard discovered the dental drill; some people denote him as the father of modern dentistry. Also, he published a book in 1764 which includes the bow drill’s use for root canals treatment. Then many people tried to create an updated version and the best implant drills but haven’t succeeded.

Moreover, the drilling technology has improved with time, with more efficient and faster drills. Later the electrically powered dental drills decreased working time from many hours to 10 minutes.

Use Of A Dental Drill

You can term a dental drill as a dental handpiece. It has various uses like:

  • Altering prostheses
  • Cosmetic dentistry process
  • Drill holes (to fill teeth holes)
  • Polish fillings
  • To remove decay

7 Types Of Dental Drills

Now, let’s have a look over top 7 popular and best implant drills used by a dentist. Read on!

1. Electric Drill

An electric drill is one of the most powerful tools. It assists in boosting precision and conserving your time.
The motor’s electric torque lessens the need for air-driven accuracy. Moreover, it helps a dental person work in complex angles and small spaces. The electric dental drills are available in various styles to offer flexibility while saving money to invest in other equipment.

2. Implant Drills

The implant drill or implant handpieces are specifically used for dental implantation. Dental surgeons use it for maxillofacial and different oral surgeries. Furthermore, it is formed by top premium-quality steel (stainless). The coating makes the drill rigid and highly durable.

3. Cortical Release (CR) Drills

Cortical Release drill provides a versatile yet simple kind of surgical experience. It is specially formed for use with all implant systems. This instrument is used when release is required to better implant placement.

CR drills are usually used to profile the bones while accommodating multi-unit abutments or placing healing abutments. Moreover, it can be termed as a bone profiling drill.

4. Scallop Shaped Drills

SS drills are proven one of the best dental drills for the procedure. Usually, it is used for procedures like:

  • Bone profiling
  • Shaping the “bedding” for restoration
  • Sculpting the “bedding” for restoration
  • SS drill can be used in sinus augmentation

5. Endodontic Dental Drill

Dentists need an endodontic dental drill to clean or shape teeth during root canal treatment. These tools can control file breakage, move endodontic files exactly, and secure in many cases.

Also, dental drill works with your chosen operative tools and file system for accuracy, whether reciprocating or rotating.

6. Surgical Dental Drills

A dental surgeon uses a surgical air-driven dental drill to make their dental surgeries safe. Experts have formed this surgical, dental drill or handpieces with grated vents. It is best known for preventing air from streaming over oral cavities while operating dental procedures. Moreover, you can use it for many successful dental procedures. However, it is highly advisable to use surgical drills very carefully due to their complicated behavior.

7. Slow-Speed Dental Drill

An air turbine is another name for a slow-speed dental drill. It is mostly air-driven and electric, which assists in spinning the dental bur or prophy cup at 50,000 RPM.

Primarily it is used for refining dental cavities and stopping caries preparations. Also, a slow-Speed dental drill is useful in endodontic procedures, for example, root canal treatment.

Moreover, the specifications of low-speed dental drills are different, such as dental bur attachment, air/water nozzles, construction material, and angle design.

Final Words

Which dental drill do you find the most useful for dental procedures? We hope you have overview about the best implant drills for oral surgery. Moreover, for a successful dental surgery, you need the right tools.

Have any doubts? Feel free to mention them in the comment box!

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